Great Parents - Macomb Newsletter (English,
The following is a list of six pre-reading skills
that children can start developing to help them become independent
1) Enjoyment of
books: This is a child’s interest in books and reading.
reading aloud to your child once he or she knows how to read. If
the child has siblings, still try to set aside some one-on-one time
for reading with each child.
haven’t done so already, let your child get his or her own library
card. Make each trip to the library a fun family outing. Get a
special “library bag” and allow your child to select some books
child read to a dog! Check out one of our PAWS For Reading programs
at CMPL. Check out our
PAWS page for upcoming dates and times.
knowledge: This is knowing the names of things. Most children enter
school knowing between 3,000 and 5,000 words.
that contain new vocabulary words.
some nonfiction books in your reading routine. Choose books about a
subject that interests your child.
Now is a
great time to purchase or check out a beginning dictionary. Help
your child look up an unfamiliar word.
awareness: This is ability hear and manipulate smaller sounds in
who have difficulty reading have trouble with this skill. Some good
indications that your child understands sound combinations include:
the ability to tell whether two words rhyme or not; taking words
chunks apart and putting them together -- for example, putting
together “butter” and “fly” to make the new word “butterfly; and
playing with beginning sounds in different word families -- for
example, by changing the beginning sounds for “-at”, you can make
“bat,” “sat,” and so on.
Play fun word
games with your child that encourage rhyming or finding words by
their beginning sound. Use alphabet blocks, magnet letters, or a
small chalkboard to play these games.
your child. Songs and music help children with rhythm and hearing
the syllables in words.
Play with the
“letter families.” Have the child change the beginning letter of a
word to make a new word. Example: change the “p” in pat to “m” to
awareness: This means noticing words everywhere, knowing how to handle
and book and knowing how to follow words on a page. An example of this
is a child pointing out words in print or noticing words on signs they
see in stores, etc.
As you read
aloud to your child, point to text in the book, especially when
there is a repeated line in the story.
title, author, and illustrator of the book before you read the story
to help the child learn parts of a book.
signs in the environment and read them aloud. For example, you can
help your child notice billboards, cereal boxes, lists or the print
on their board games.
5) Verbal skills
: This is being able to understand and tell stories and describe
things. This is an important skill for reading comprehension.
child tell you what happened that day, such as a trip to the park or
events at school or day care.
read a book together, have the child retell it in his or her own
creative ways to retell a story would be to use puppets, props or
dolls. The child can also draw a picture of an event from the
knowledge: This is when the child learns each letter has a name and
each letter makes at least one specific and unique sound. Keep in mind
that children usually identify uppercase letters quickly, and the
lowercase letters come later.
alphabet games together. Examples would include letter bingo or
letter memory. Purchase inexpensive alphabet games from a learning
supply store or toy store. Another option is to make your own using
index cards or a web site with printable resources.
read alphabet books. Choose easy readers that focus on one
beginning sound or a word family such as the
“sound box” series by Jane Moncure.
Try to make
different letters out of clay or play-doh. Have some fun in the
kitchen and make letter cookies!
Literacy milestones for children at age five provided by Reading
Literacy milestones for children in first grade provided by Reading
Literacy development for children ages 5 and 6 provided by PBS